Theories of Personality

Do you blame yourself for your problems?

Thinking and feeling – Thinking types deal with information based on structure and function. Feeling types deal with information on a more energetic level. Thinking types like systems, patterns and structures and apply logic to just about everything. Feeling types are interested in others and how they feel and often pass their own moods onto others. Thinking types are often cold and unemotional while feeling types can be moody and emotionally manipulative.

Judging and perceiving – When faced with a change in situation, judging types react based on their decisions resulting from the change whereas perceiving types act on the change. Perceiving types may act impulsively after the change while judging types don’t like to leave questions unanswered. Judging types tend to finish what they’ve started while perceiving types can start multiple projects without following through. Judging types follow the rules while perceiving types often act without preparation.

The theories of personality take these eight differences and combine them into sixteen distinct personality types identified by four letters, each representing a characteristic with,

E – Extrovert, I – Introvert, S – Sensing, N – Intuitive,

T – Thinking, F – Feeling, J – Judging and P – Perceiving.

In the four-letter description, the first letter represents;

Extrovert vs. Introvert, the second letter represents Intuitive vs. Sensing, the third letter represents Thinking vs. Feeling and the fourth letter represents Perceiving vs. Judging.

These sixteen personality types are:

ENTP (Extrovert Intuitive Thinking Perceiving) – These types are creative and resourceful though they may be prone to one-upping others. They like to debate and are good at a variety of tasks. They are good at understanding concepts and solving problems with logic. They are excited over new projects but tend to neglect routine tasks.
ISFP (Introvert Sensing Feeling Perceiving) – ISFPs don’t like conflict. They are quiet, kind, sensitive and serious as well as loyal and faithful. These flexible individuals enjoy the moment and not interested in being leaders or controlling others.

ESFJ (Extrovert Sensing Feeling Judging) – The ESFJ types tend to be responsible, conscientious types with a strong sense of duty. They put others’ needs over their own and often need positive reinforcement. They value security and traditions.

INTJ (Introvert Intuitive Thinking Judging) – INTJ types are long-range thinkers who can turn theories into actions. They are independent, determined, analytical and possess high standards for their own performance as well as the performance of others. INTJs are natural leaders but they will follow others if they trust the other leader’s abilities.

ENFJ (Extrovert Intuitive Feeling Judging) – ENFJ types are “people persons”. They have excellent people skills and are outgoing and popular. These types do not like being along and are good at leading group discussions and managing people issues.

ISTJ (Introvert Sensing Thinking Judging) – ISTJ types are serious, quiet, responsible, dependable and thorough. Their hard work and organizational skills help them to accomplish just about any task they set out to accomplish.

ESTP (Extrovert Sensing Thinking Perceiving) – Theories of personality indicate that ESTP types have terrific people skills and are friendly and adaptable. They want immediate results and take action. Because they live for the moment, they are often risk-takers with a fast-paced lifestyle. These types show great loyalty to their peers but are not above the law if it gets in the way of accomplishing their goal.
INFP (Introvert Intuitive Feeling Perceiving) – INFP types have a well-developed value system, are quiet, idealistic and reflective. They are easygoing unless one of their highly-held values is threatened. They usually want to help others and are often talented writers.

ESFP (Extrovert Sensing Feeling Perceiving) – The center of attention suits ESFP types just fine. They live in the moment, are fun-loving and love people. They have common sense and like to help others though they do not like theory or impersonal analysis.

INTP (Introvert Intuitive Thinking Perceiving) – These creative thinkers are logical, original and excitable about their ideas and theories. They like competence, knowledge and logic and have the drive and ability to turn theories into better understandings. These types are quiet and are often hard to get to know well. They have no desire to lead or to be led.
ENTJ (Extrovert Intuitive Thinking Judging) – The ENTJ is assertive, outspoken, intelligent and well-informed. These types are driven to lead with an ability to understand complex problems and solve them. They have little patience for disorganization and inefficiency.

ISFJ (Introvert Sensing Feeling Judging) – ISFJs are quiet, practical and dependable. They put the needs of others over their own and are quite perceptive about how others may be feeling.

ESTJ (Extrovert Sensing Thinking Judging) – ESTJ types are traditional, organized and practical. They tend to have ideas on how things should be and are often athletic. They like to be in charge and are quite capable of organizing and running tasks.

INFJ (Introvert Intuitive Feeling Judging) – INFJs tend to be individualistic rather than leaders or followers. They usually finish what they’ve started and are quite intuitive about people. They have a strong sense of value and stick to their beliefs.
ENFP (Extrovert Intuitive Feeling Perceiving) – The ENFP types are enthusiastic, creative and idealistic. They have terrific people skills and are quite capable of doing anything that interests them. They get excited about new ideas but the details bore them.

ISTP (Introvert Sensing Thinking Perceiving) – ISTPs are quiet, reserved, detached and analytical with mechanical abilities. Risk-takers at heart, they often have a talent for extreme sports or other risky endeavors. Loyal to peers but not terribly concerned with rules if they get in the way of doing something.

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